## Course Descriptions

PHYS100/1
Concepts in Physics Nature of concepts and scientific theory; historical and philosophical aspects of natural sciences; introductory concepts in modern physics; this course will involve reading assignments and written essay work by the student.
PHYS111/1
Mechanics Vectors and coordinate systems; kinematics, dynamics; work and energy; dynamics of system of particles; conservation of energy and momentum, collisions; rotational kinematics and dynamics; equilibrium of rigid bodies; oscillations; gravitation; waves; fluid mechanics; thermodynamics.
PHYS112/1
Electricity and Magnetism Charge and matter; electric field and Gauss' law; DC circuits; magnetic field; Ampere's law; Faraday's law; inductance; magnetic properties of matter; Maxwell's equations; electromagnetic waves; optics.
PHYS170/1
Programming for Scientists Introductory programming concepts, number systems, expressions, basic data structures, algorithmic processes; applications to numerical and non-numerical problems using Fortran. Solutions to physical problems will be stressed.
PHYS205/2
Classical Mechanics I Elements of Newtonian mechanics; motion of particle; motion of system of particles; motion of rigid body; gravitation; central force problems; special theory of relativity.
PHYS206/2
Classical Mechanics II Principles of least action; Lagrange's equations of motion; Hamilton's equations of motion; theory of small vibrations.
PHYS226/2
Quantum Physics Old quantum theory; elementary introduction to quantum physics; Schrodinger equation, uncertainty principle, correspondence principle; one dimensional problems; angular momentum; hydrogen atom.
PHYS243/2
Methods of Mathematical Physics Vector analysis, Fourier analysis; Sturm-Liouville theory; special functions.
PHYS310/3
Waves and Optics Free and forced oscillations; traveling waves; principle of superposition; modulations; pulses and wave packets; electromagnetic waves; reflection, refraction, interference, diffraction and polarization; interferometry; holography.
PHYS315/3
Electromagnetic Theory I Electrostatics; Coulomb's and Gauss' laws, the scalar potential. Solutions to the Laplace equation in rectangular, spherical and cylindrical coordinate systems with various boundary conditions. Poisson's equation; energy in the electric field; electrostatics of materials; capacitance. Magnetostatics: Biot-Savart and Ampere's laws, the field vector potential; energy in the magnetic field; magnetostatics of materials; Faraday's law; inductance.
PHYS316/3
Electromagnetic Theory II Maxwell's equations; electromagnetic waves; reflections from boundaries; propagation in waveguides; radiation from accelerating charges; Lorentz transformations of electric and magnetic fields.
PHYS325/3
Quantum Mechanics I Wave packets and uncertainty; the postulates of quantum mechanics; eigenfunctions and eigenvalues; simple problems in one dimension; general structure of wave mechanics; operator methods in quantum mechanics; harmonic oscillator; path integral formulation of quantum mechanics; systems of many degrees of freedom; symmetry; rotational invariance and angular momentum; hydrogen atom.
PHYS326/3
Quantum Mechanics II Spin; addition of angular momenta; approximation methods in quantum mechanics; atoms and molecules; scattering theory; quantum theory of electromagnetic radiation.
PHYS334/3
Statistical Physics The laws of thermodynamics; applications of thermodynamics; basic probability concepts; elementary kinetic theory; classical microcanonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles; classical ideal gas; equipartition of energy; quantum mechanical ensembles; ideal Fermi and Bose systems; black body radiation, phonons, the electron gas; magnetism; introductory nonequilibrium statistical physics.
PHYS351/3
Nuclear and Particle Physics Introduction to subatomic particles; properties of nuclei and nucleons; spin and magnetic moments; nuclear reactions; radioactivity; alpha and beta decays; nucleon interactions and nucleon scattering at low energies; nuclear models; elementary particles.
PHYS371/3
Numerical Methods in Physics Solutions to linear systems of equations; roots of polynomials and other nonlinear functions; statistical applications; determinants, eigenvalues, and eigenvectors, solutions to differential equations; applications of FFT; utilization of scientific software packages. (Emphasis will be placed on physical applications.)
PHYS399/3
Physical Electronics Laboratory Vacuum tubes; basic transistor circuits; power supplies and amplifiers; designing with operational amplifiers; computer aided design of simple circuits; digital and analog circuit applications; computer interfacing; experimenting with lock-in amplifier; plasma diagnostics; laser power measurement; optical fibers.
PHYS426/4
Quantum Mechanics Laboratory Field emission microscope; emission and absorption spectra; Balmer series of hydrogen; Zeeman effect; optical pumping; Frank-Hertz experiment; determination of Planck's constant; measurement of e/m; radioactive decay; scanning-tunneling microscopy.
PHYS438/4
Atomic and Molecular Physics Transition properties and the selection rules for atoms; many electron atoms; Born-Oppenheimer approximation; molecular structure; electronic, vibrational, and rotational energies of molecules; general methods for calculations; spectroscopic methods.
PHYS445/4
Condensed Matter Physics I Crystal diffraction; crystal binding; phonons and lattice vibrations; thermal, acoustic and optical properties; free electron model; energy bands, electron-phonon interactions; semiconductors; transport properties.
PHYS446/4
Condensed Matter Physics II Dielectric properties; diamagnetism and paramagnetism; ferromagnetism and anti-ferromagnetism; magnetic resonance; electron-phonon interactions; super-conductivity; optical properties; liquid metals.
PHYS447/4
Optical Properties of Solids Macroscopic theory; fundamental theory with emphasis on the relationship between electronic structure and optical properties of solids. Representative semiconductors, insulators and metals; impurities and defects in solids; surface and interface states; optical properties of quantum well structures; photoemission; luminescence.
PHYS448/4
Magnetic Properties of Solids Theory of magnetism; diamagnetic and paramagnetic behavior of solids; ferromagnetic, antiferromagnetic, and ferrimagnetic solids; magnetic properties under the alternating field.
PHYS449/4
Group Theory Abstract group theory; theory of group representations; physical applications of group theory; full rotation groups and angular momentum; applications in molecular and solid state physics.
PHYS451/4
Introduction to Many Body Theory Interacting systems; Green's function of the single particle, Schrodinger equation; second quantization; quasiparticles; many-body Green's functions; self-energy and perturbation series; diagrammatic methods; temperature-dependent Green's function.
PHYS452/4
Elementary Excitations in Solids Interacting electron gas; Plasmons; electron-hole interaction and excitons; phonons; spin waves and magnons; interaction processes; transport phenomena; virtual phonons and superconductivity; interaction with photons; thermal properties.
PHYS471/4
Methods in Computational Physics Advanced topics in numerical approach to scientific problems. This course will empasize student project work.
PHYS473/4
Methods of Experimental Physics Principles of experimentation; data collection and statistical analysis; chi-square test; least square fitting; basic electronic measurements: current, capacitance, frequency spectrum, vacuum and cryogenics; interferometric measurements; spectroscopic measurements: mass spectroscopy, electron, photon and neutron spectroscopies.
PHYS475/4
Semiconductor Device Physics Semiconductor theory and semiconductor properties; p-n junction diodes; metal-semi-conductor junctions; MOS capacitors; bipolar transistors; field-effect transistors; thin-film devices; photodetectors; laser diodes; heterostructures; quantum-well structures; solar cells.
PHYS476/4
Quantum Electronics Propagation of optical beams; optical resonators; interaction of radiation with matter; laser oscillations; specific laser systems; Q-switching and mode-locking; laser amplifiers; noise and modulation in lasers; non-linear optics.
PHYS480/4
Field Theory Classical field theory; canonical quantization; quantization of scalar, spinor and vector fields; interacting fields and perturbation theory; symmetries; Feynman graphs.
PHYS481/4
Theory of Relativity The concepts of space and time in classical mechanics; relativity principle of Galileo; special relativity; Lorentz transformations; introductory concepts in general relativity; experimental evidence for special and general relativity.
PHYS482/4
Elementary Particles Properties of elementary particles: spin, parity, hyperchange, etc.; interactions of elementary particles; group theory of subnuclear world, quark theory; experimental status of elementary particles.
PHYS491/4
Summer Project I A project on a specific topic in an area of physics to be carried out by the student under the supervision of a faculty member.
PHYS492/4
Summer Project II A project on a specific topic in an area of physics to be carried out by the student under the supervision of a faculty member.
PHYS541/56
Electromagnetic Theory I Electrostatics. Magnetostatics. Boundary-value problems. Time varying fields and Maxwell's equations. Plane electromagnetic waves. Wave guides and resonant cavities. Simple radiating systems and diffraction.
PHYS542/56
Electromagnetic Theory II Magnetohydrodynamics and plasma physics. Special theory of relativity. Relativistic particle kinematics and dynamics. Collisions. Radiation by moving charges. Bremsstrahlung. Radiative Beta-process. Multipole fields. Radiation damping. Self-fields of particles.
PHYS543/56
Advanced Quantum Mechanics I Basic principles of wave mechanics and Schrodinger Equation. Eigenvalues and eigenfunctions. Angular momentum. Matrix formulation of quantum mechanics. Symmetry in quantum mechanics. Approximation methods. Many particles system. Scattering theory.
PHYS544/56
Advanced Quantum Mechanics II Quantum theory of radiation. Relativistic wave equations. Covariant perturbation theory and applications. Introduction to field quantization.
PHYS545/56
Solid State Theory I Crystals. Group theory. One-electron approximation. Energy-band theory. Pseudopotential theory. Total energy and force calculations. Dynamics of electrons. Electron transport theory. Localization of electron states. Impurity states. Surfaces. Green's functions for defect states.
PHYS546/56
Solid State Theory II Lattice vibrations and phonons. Electron-phonon interactions. Collective excitations. Optical properties. Magnetic properties of solids. Superconductivity.
PHYS547/56
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics I Quantum theory of tunneling. Scanning tunneling microscopy. Scanning tunneling spectroscopy. Development of a formal theory for scanning tunneling electron microscopy. Tunneling in semiconductor superstructures. Applications in surface physics.
PHYS548/56
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics II Semiconductor heterostructures and quantum well structures. Theory of 2-D electron systems. Electronic energy structure of semiconductor superlattices. Phase transitions in semiconductor superlattices. Collective excitations in 2-D electron systems. Electronic and optical properties of semiconductor superlattices. Magnetoconductivity and Quantum Hall effect.
PHYS549/56
Physics of Semiconductor Devices I Review of semiconductor physics. Band theory. Effective mass approximation. Impurity states. Carrier statistics and mobility. Crystal growth. Diffusion. Oxidation. Semiconductors under equilibrium and nonequilibrium conditions. The p-n homojunctions, p-n heterojunctions. Junction transistors.
PHYS550/56
Physics of Semiconductor Devices II Schottky Barrier formation. Metal-semiconductor, metal-insulator-semiconductor surface field-effect transistor. Integrated circuit technology. Opto-electronic devices. Review of MBE and MOCVD techniques. Epitaxial semiconductor superlattices. Strained (pseudomorphic) superlattices. Band-lineup and quantum well states. New electronic devices based on the semiconductor superlattices.
PHYS551/56
Analytical Mechanics Constraints. Principle of least action and Lagrange equations. Symmetry and conservation laws. Hamilton equations of motion. Canonical transformations Hamilton-Jacobi theory. Small oscillations. Mechanics of continuous media.
PHYS552/56
Statistical Mechanics Distribution functions; the concept of entropy, the H-function; classical statistical mechanics; ensembles; partition functions. The equipartition theorem. Quantum statistical mechanics: partition function, Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein distributions.
PHYS553/56
Methods of Mathematical Physics Sturm-Liouville theory. Special functions: Gamma functions; Bessel functions; Legendre polynomials; integral transforms; integral equations; calculus of variations.
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